Documentation: Western Powers Back Neo-Nazi Coup In Ukraine

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1. EU Geopolitical Confrontation Risks Thermonuclear World War! by Helga Zepp-LaRouche (in Swedish here)
2. EIR FACT SHEET: Western Powers Back Neo-Nazi Coup In Ukraine
3. Links to reports on Developments in Ukraine
4. EU President Van Rompuy : "We are ready to use military force"
5. Full text of EIR FACT SHEET

1. EU Geopolitical Confrontation Risks Thermonuclear World War!

by Helga Zepp-LaRouche, Chairwoman of the German Citizens Movement Solidarity (

Feb. 1--Steered by geopolitical interests, the policy of the West--the United States and the EU--has created a Nazi monster in Ukraine, the consequences of which could finish us all off. As a result of two decades of interference by foreign interests in Ukraine, not only is there a threat of civil war and the possible break-up of the country, but also nuclear confrontation with Russia.

"What? That's not at all what we hear every day on the TV news! Aren't these peace-loving protesters who want to escape to free Europe and from the threat of Putin's dictatorship?"

Let's imagine that something like what is happening in Ukraine now were occurring in Berlin. The area around the Reichstag and the Chancellor's Office is barricaded and besieged by supporters of organizations who use swastikas as their party logo and shout out Nazi slogans; some buildings in the area are occupied by the NPD [the neo-fascist National Democratic Party of Germany--ed.]; masked and heavily armed mercenaries who fought alongside al-Qaeda in the wars in Iraq and Syria, are throwing Molotov cocktails and have occupied the Ministry of Justice, and throughout the rest of the Federal Republic, 2,200 foreign-funded non-governmental organization (NGOs) are stirring up their paid activists to occupy local mayors' offices and city administrations and to demand the ouster of Chancellor Angela Merkel. The duly elected Merkel government deploys police in an effort to clear these plazas, and is then denounced by all the countries of Asia and Africa for ignoring the citizens' desire for freedom.

This mirror-image scenario is exactly what is going on in Ukraine right now, and there can be no doubt that this is known to the EU, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, and the chairman of the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs, Elmar Brok, since many of their representatives have been in close touch with the demonstrators for weeks. But, at the same time, many publications, such as {Time} magazine and the British {Guardian}, to name just two, are identifying the fascist character of the opposition in Ukraine. Stephen Cohen, professor of Russian studies at New York University and Princeton, put a point on it, in an interview. [ debate_is_ukraines_opposition_a_democratic] with Amy Goodman of Democracy Now: There was a coup by right-wing Nazis against a democratically elected government, he said. "Who precipitated this crisis? It was the European Union.... Essentially, Ukraine was given an ultimatum: Sign the EU economic agreement or else. Now, what was that agreement?" he asked. "It would have been an economic catastrophe for Ukraine.... What did the European Union offer them? The same austerity policies that are ravaging Europe, and nothing more--$600 million. It needed billions and billions.

"There's one other thing. If you read the protocols of the European offer to Ukraine, which has been interpreted in the West as just about civilizational change, escaping Russia, economics, democracy, there is a big clause on military cooperation. In effect, by signing this, Ukraine would have had to abide by NATO's military policies. What would that mean? That would mean drawing a new Cold War line, which used to be in Berlin, right through the heart of Slavic civilization, on Russia's borders."

Encirclement of Russia

So let's take a closer look at these "freedom-loving, pro-European" demonstrators.

The Svoboda organization has hoisted everywhere the red-black flag of the OUN (Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists) and its military wing, the UPA (Ukrainian Insurgent Army). The group's leader is Oleh Tyahnybok, whom Sen. John McCain and others are so thrilled to be photographed with. Svoboda's founder, Stepan Bandera, was a leading collaborator of the Nazis, and his organization prepared the way for the Nazi invasion of Ukraine in 1941. The OUN/UPA@s1 was responsible for the massacre of up to 100,000 Poles in 1943-44, and, according to the official history of the British MI6, after the war the group was taken over by British intelligence and was controlled in the 1950s by the Gehlen Organization in Germany, after Reinhard Gehlen became head of the BND [Federal Intelligence Agency].

Ukrainian sources report on the participation of another radical group, whose name in Ukrainian is Spilnya Sprava ("Common Cause"), abbreviated "SS," and who regard themselves as stormtroopers. Anti-Semitic, Russophobic, and racist slogans dominate the scene, and there have already been assaults on other groups. There are also reports of the infiltration of the ranks of the demonstrators by over 300 Ukrainian "Afghansi"--guerrillas who fought in Syria on the side of the pro-al-Qaeda groups against the Assad government, and therefore have considerable combat experience.

There is no question that a fascist coup is in progress in Ukraine.

But as President Putin's advisor Sergei Glazyev recently stressed, these Nazis did not just suddenly come out of the woods: For 20 years, Ukraine has been the target of the same policy of the Anglo-American policy of regime change--of which the EU has become the regional sub-division--that has been aimed at Iraq, Iran, Libya, Syria, and ultimately Russia and China. During these two decades, it is estimated that various U.S. political circles, NATO, George Soros, and a considerable number of foundations and think-tanks have invested between $30 and $40 billion in building up pro-Western, anti-Russian networks and 2,200 (!) NGOs, with only one purpose: to break Ukraine away from any type of association with Russia, and finally to achieve its integration into the NATO military alliance and the complete encirclement of Russia.

These networks were also responsible for the so-called "Orange Revolution" in 2004. In Georgia, the same process of subversion was called the "Rose Revolution"; in the Arab world, the "Arab Spring"; in Russia, the "White Revolution" or "Russian Spring" (but there the attempt failed). Following the same modus operandi, the mob is also being used against the legitimate government of Thailand. After the outbreak of violence last November, President Putin said that the deployment of these networks was actually planned for the Ukrainian presidential election campaign in 2015, but when the Association Agreement with the EU was terminated at the EU summit in Vilnius, they were activated ahead of time.

One must take into account the overall strategy of the U.S., NATO, and the EU towards Russia and China, the de facto forward defense of NATO, whose expression is, {inter alia}, the deployment of Patriot missiles in Turkey (the Bundestag just approved the extension of that agreement); the stationing of the U.S. missile defense system in Eastern Europe on the Russian border; and the Air-Sea Battle doctrine against China. These policies, taken together, aim to eliminate these countries' nuclear second-strike capability. Both Russia and China have made it unmistakably clear that they have no intention of capitulating to this threat, but would answer with effective countermeasures--their nuclear arsenals.

European Union's Hypocrisy

The scandalous hypocrisy of the EU, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, and such "democratic" monstrosities as Elmar Brok, are motivated by the long-standing encirclement strategy toward Russia and China which has been pursued since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. This strategy, which ultimately aims at regime change or capitulation to the empire of globalization on the part of both of these States, also accepts nuclear confrontation over Ukraine, as was clear from fantasies published in the {Economist}, in an article dated March 15, 2007. In this "futurological" essay, written as if from 2057, the house organ of the City of London envisioned a nuclear showdown over Ukraine "in the dangerous second decade of the century," a confrontation to which the EU is pushing the Obama Administration. "The Ukraine crisis," wrote the {Economist}, as if from 2057, "became a triumph for the EU, ... promoting the decision to go for a further big round of enlargement."

The EU's policy toward Ukraine has shown its true colors. It should not be forgotten that the Greek and Spanish police were treated no less harshly at the behest of the Troika [IMF, European Central Bank, European Commission], when they demonstrated against the brutal austerity measures that were implemented on behalf of the banks. And the EU, of course, is no more concerned with the welfare of the people of Ukraine, whose economic plight was in significant part the result of the shock therapy of the 1990s. Otherwise, they would have simply agreed to Putin's offer of a tripartite summit among the EU, Ukraine, and Russia. The fact that the EU rejected this proposal, reveals its true intent: geopolitical confrontation!

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, at the Munich Security Conference today, raised the obvious question of what instigating riots has to do with democracy: "Why is no one condemning those who seize administration buildings, attack policemen and chant racist and anti-Semitic slogans? Why are prominent European politicians actually encouraging the moves in question, although in their own countries they immediately clamp down on any encroachments on the letter of the law?"

If the EU does not immediately correct its scandalous behavior, condemn the Nazi insurrection, stop all financial support to non-governmental organizations, and respond to Russia's offer for a tripartite summit, then the immediate withdrawal of Germany from the European Union becomes an existential question of self-preservation.

The consequences of EU policy made it necessary for me to write a Declaration of Independence for the European nations (see last week's {EIR}), as a very seriously intended platform for all of our survival.

1. The OUN/UPA spent the war fighting the Soviet Army and Soviet
partisans, even though Bandera was imprisoned by the Nazis when he
insisted on Ukrainian independence. For background, see the
{International} section in this issue--ed.

2. EIR FACT SHEET: Western Powers Back Neo-Nazi Coup In Ukraine

February 3, 2014

Here is the first in a series of articles published by Executive
Intelligence Review
magazine detailing the neo-Nazi elements
currently running a coup on the Ukrainian government.


The full text also follows below under section 5.

3. Links to reports on Developments in Ukraine

Lyndon LaRouche, February 2, 2014:

"What you're seeing is, if
you look at the recent weeks since the first of January, and you
look through the course of the month of January, and now look
into the early part of February, as I have warned people, we're
expecting something no later than early March, if the actual
event occurs - and right now it's very likely, that is, actual
thermonuclear warfare between the trans-Atlantic region, on the
one side of the war, and the Eurasian region, on the other side.

"That means an extermination war! And what you're seeing
now, for example, in the games which are being played by the U.S.
and others in Western Europe, they are looking at the almost
certainty of a thermonuclear war by about the time of no later
than early March - probably earlier, sometime in February."

Last updated Feb. 3, 2014

Breaking Developments on Current Ukrainian Crisis

Crucial Background on Ukraine


4. EU President Van Rompuy : "We are ready to use military force"

PARIS, Feb. 4, 2014 (Nouvelle Solidarité) - In his keynote opening speech
at the Munich Security Conference, EU "President" Herman Van
Rompuy, after expressing his full support and sympathy for the
Ukrainian demonstrators, underlined that "Some people think
Europeans are naïve; that we prefer carrots over sticks. Now, I am
not saying that we cannot sometimes play our hand more strongly."

"I know the EU is sometimes looked at as somewhat of a Florence
Nightingale - after all we are the world's biggest donor of
development- and humanitarian aid. But we do not just send nurses and
nutritionists, we also send judges and policemen, soldiers and
marines. In fact, we just decided to send in principle around six
hundred troops to Bangui. They will work side by side with those of
France (...)

This would be the first time ever since their creation in 2007, that a
military unit of the EU Battlegroup (EUBG) would be directly deployed
under direct command of the Council of the European Union.  Often
based on contributions from a coalition of member states, each of the
18 EUBG's of the rapid deployment force consists of a
battalion-sized force (1,500 troops) reinforced with combat support
elements. Currently, also Ukrainian "black berets" are
participating in maneuvers of EU battlegroup Helbroc in charge of the

Van Rompuy: "In the long run, helping combat poverty and lawlessness,
restore a sense of justice and the rule of law, is the best remedy to
the creeping menace of fanaticism and terrorism. That is true
everywhere in the world. Nowhere will it be truer than in Syria, the
biggest failure of the international community in decades."

"We clearly prefer diplomatic solutions, but our countries are ready to
use military force when necessary. When it comes to defense, we know
we will need to do more with less. European countries have security
responsibilities to fulfill - as President Gauck said yesterday for
Germany - and they need the means. I got the 28 Heads of EU
countries together last December, to affirm their will to do more
together. The NATO Secretary-General joined us and expressed his firm

As Helga Zepp-LaRouche warned years ago, the EU and NATO are integrating
to become a single Empire. In his invitation to the Dec. 19-20 EU
Council, Van Rompuy announced to the heads of state that "Before
our first working session, the NATO Secretary General will share some
thoughts with us ahead of the thematic debate that we will have on
defense policy. I should indeed like us to have a strategic
discussion on one of the major current challenges in the field of
defense: what should we be doing, as Union and as EU Member States,
to retain and develop the capabilities that are critical for our
defense and our security, and how can we encourage more cooperation
to reach this goal. After the discussion, we will adopt the
corresponding part of the conclusions".

Van Rompuy: "Starting this year, Europeans will be launching new joint
defense programmes, for cutting-edge drones, satellite communication,
cyber defense and air-to-air refueling. It is the start of a process.
All these tools: at the service of Europe's interests and security."

5. The full text of the EIR Fact Sheet

Western Powers Back Neo-Nazi Coup in Ukraine
by an EIR Research Team

Feb. 2, 2014-Western nations, led by the European Union and the Obama Administration, are backing an outright neo-Nazi regime-change coup in Ukraine. If the effort succeeds, the consequences will extend far beyond the borders of Ukraine and neighboring states. For Russia, such a coup would constitute a casus belli, coming as it does in the context of NATO missile defense expansion into Central Europe and the evolution of a U.S.-NATO doctrine of "Prompt Global Strike," which presumes that the United States can launch a pre-emptive first strike against Russia and China and survive the retaliation.

The events in Ukraine constitute a potential trigger for a global war that could rapidly and easily escalate to a thermonuclear war of extinction. At this weekend's Munich Security Conference, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov had a heated public exchange with NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, in which the latter accused Russia of "bellicose rhetoric" and Lavrov responded by citing the European missile defense program as an attempt to secure a nuclear first-strike capability against Russia.

In his formal remarks at Munich and a week earlier at the World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerland, Lavrov also assailed Western governments for supporting neo-Nazi terrorist organizations in their zeal to place Ukraine under European Union and Troika control to tighten the NATO noose around Russia.

If anything, Lavrov understated the case.

Nazi Hooligans Take the Lead

Ever since President Viktor Yanukovych announced that Ukraine was withdrawing its plans to sign the European Union's Association Agreement on Nov. 21, 2013, Western-backed organizations made up of remnants of the wartime and immediate postwar Nazi collaborationist Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B) and their successors have launched a campaign of provocations aimed at not only at bringing down the government of Prime Minister Mykola Azarov, but at overthrowing the democratically elected President Yanukovych.

The EU Eastern Partnership was initiated in December 2008 by Carl Bildt and Radek Sikorski, the foreign ministers of Sweden and Poland, in the wake of Georgia's military showdown with Russia in South Ossetia. The Eastern Partnership targeted six countries that were formerly republics within the Soviet Union: three in the Caucasus region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia) and three in East Central Europe (Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine). They were not to be invited to full EU membership, but drawn into an EU vise through so-called Association Agreements, each one centered on a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA). The prime target of the effort was Ukraine. Under the Association Agreement negotiated with Ukraine, but not signed, the industrial economy of Ukraine would have been dismantled, trade with Russia would have been savaged (with Russia ending its free-trade regime with Ukraine, to prevent its own markets from being flooded via Ukraine), and the European markets' players would have grabbed for Ukraine's agricultural and raw materials exports. The same deadly austerity regime as has been imposed on the Mediterranean states of Europe under the Troika bailout swindle would have been imposed on Ukraine.

Furthermore, the Association Agreement mandated "convergence" on security issues, with integration into European defense systems. Under such an upgraded arrangement, the long-term treaty agreements on the Russian Navy's use of the crucial Crimean Black Sea ports would have been terminated, ultimately giving NATO forward basing on Russia's immediate border.

While Western news accounts promoted the demonstrations in Kiev's Independence Square (Maidan Nezalezhnesti, or Euromaidan as it is now called), as initially peaceful, the fact is that, from the outset, the protests included hardcore avowed neo-Nazis, right-wing "soccer hooligans" and "Afghansy" combat veterans of the wars in Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Georgia. According to Ukrainian parliamentarian Oleh Tsaryov, 350 Ukrainians returned to the country from Syria in January 2014, after fighting with the Syrian rebels, including al-Qaeda-linked groups such as the al-Nusra Front and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).

Already, on the weekend of Nov. 30-Dec. 1, 2013, rioters were throwing Molotov cocktails and seized the Kiev Mayor's Office, declaring it a "revolutionary headquarters." Protesters from the opposition Svoboda Party, formerly called the Socialist-Nationalists, march under the red and black flag of Stepan Bandera's Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B), the Nazi collaborators who exterminated Jews and Poles as an adjunct of the Nazi war machine, and in fulfillment of their own radical ideas on ethnic purity, during World War II.

The slogan of the Svoboda Party, "Ukraine for the Ukrainians," was Bandera's battle cry during the OUN-B collaboration with Hitler following the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. It was under that slogan that mass executions and ethnic cleansing were carried out by Bandera's fascist fighters. Ukrainian sources have reported that the Svoboda Party was conducting paramilitary training during the Summer of 2013-months before President Yanukovych made his decision to reject the EU Association Agreement.

The neo-Nazi, racist and anti-semitic character of Svoboda did not deter Western diplomats-including U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Victoria Nuland-from publicly meeting with the party's leader Oleh Tyahnybok, who had been kicked out of the Our Ukraine movement in 2004 for his speeches railing against "Muscovites and Jews"-using offensive, derogatory names for both.

The Bandera fascist revival has been underway in plain sight since the "Orange Revolution" of 2004, when Viktor Yushchenko was installed as President of Ukraine through a foreign-backed street campaign heavily financed by George Soros's International Renaissance Foundation and more than 2,000 other non-governmental organizations from Europe and America, after he had been officially declared the loser in a tight presidential contest with Viktor Yanukovych. On Jan. 22, 2010, one of Yushchenko's last acts as President, after losing his reelection bid to Yanukovych by a wide margin, was to name Stepan Bandera a Hero of Ukraine, which is a high state honor. Yushchenko's second wife, Kateryna Chumachenko, was herself a member of the youth group of the Banderist OUN-B in Chicago, where she was born, according to news accounts. In the 1980s, Chumachenko headed the Washington offices of the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America (in which OUN-B influence was great at that time, according to the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine) and the National Captive Nations Committee, before moving over to the State Department Bureau for Human Rights. In January 2011, President Yanukovych announced that Bandera's Hero of Ukraine status had been officially revoked.

The OUN-B: A Bit of History

The Bandera OUN-B legacy is critical to understanding the nature of the armed insurrection now unfolding in Ukraine. The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists was founded in 1929, and within four years, Bandera was its head. In 1934, Bandera and other OUN leaders were arrested for the assassination of Bronislaw Pieracki, the Polish Minister of Internal Affairs. Bandera was freed from jail in 1938 and immediately entered into negotiations with the German Occupation Headquarters, receiving funds and arranging Abwehr training for 800 of his paramilitary commandos. By the time of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Bandera's forces consisted of at least 7,000 fighters, organized into "mobile groups" that coordinated with German forces. Bandera received 2.5 million German marks to conduct subversive operations inside the Soviet Union. After he declared an independent Ukrainian state under his direction in 1941, Bandera was arrested and sent to Berlin. But he maintained his Nazi ties and funding, and his "mobile groups" were supplied and given air cover by the Germans throughout the war.

In 1943, Bandera's OUN-B carried out a mass extermination campaign of Poles and Jews, killing an estimated 70,000 civilians during the summer of that year alone. Although Bandera was still running the OUN-B operations out of Berlin, the ethnic cleansing program was run by Mykola Lebed, the chief of the Sluzhba Bespeki, OUN-B's secret police organization. In May 1941, at an OUN plenary in Krakow, the organization issued a document, "Struggle and Action of OUN During the War," which stated, in part, "Moskali, Poles, Jews are hostile to us and must be exterminated in this struggle." ("Moskal" is derogatory Ukrainian slang for "Muscovites," or Russians.)

With the defeat of the Nazis and the end of the war on the European front, Bandera and many leaders of the OUN-B wound up in displaced person camps in Germany and Central Europe. According to Stephen Dorrill in his authoritative history of MI6, MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her Majesty's Secret Intelligence Service, Bandera was recruited to work for MI6 in April 1948. The link to the British was arranged by Gerhard von Mende, a former top Nazi who had headed the Caucasus Division of the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories (Ostministerium). Von Mende recruited Muslims from the Caucasus and Central Asia to fight with the Nazis during the invasion of the Soviet Union. At the close of World War II, he worked for the British through a front company, Research Service on Eastern Europe, which was a recruiting agency for principally Muslim insurgents operating inside the Soviet Union. Von Mende was instrumental in establishing a major hub of Muslim Brotherhood operations in Munich and Geneva.

Through von Mende, MI6 trained agents from the OUN-B and dropped them inside the Soviet Union to carry out sabotage and assassination operations between 1949 and 1950. A 1954 MI6 report praised Bandera as "a professional underground worker with a terrorist background and ruthless notions about the rules of the game."

In March 1956, Bandera went to work for the German equivalent of the CIA, the BND, then headed by Gen. Reinhardt Gehlen, the head of German military intelligence on the Eastern Front during World War II. Again, von Mende was one of his sponsors and protectors. In 1959, Bandera was assassinated by the KGB in West Germany.

Bandera's top OUN-B killer, Mykola Lebed, the on-site commander of the group's secret police, fared even better at the close of World War II. Lebed was recruited by the U.S. Army's Counterintelligence Corps (CIC) in December 1946, and by 1948, was on the CIA payroll. Lebed recruited those OUN-B agents who did not go with Bandera and MI6, and participated in a number of sabotage programs behind the Iron Curtain, including "Operation Cartel" and "Operation Aerodynamics." Lebed was brought to New York City, where he established a CIA front company, Prolog Research Corporation, under the control of Frank Wisner, who was the head of the CIA s Directorate of Plans during the 1950s. Prolog operated well into the 1990s, getting a big boost when Zbigniew Brzezinski was President Jimmy Carter's National Security Advisor.

In 1985, the U.S. Department of Justice launched an investigation into Lebed's role in the wartime genocide in Poland and Western Ukraine, but the CIA blocked the probe and it was eventually dropped. Nevertheless, in 2010, after the release of thousands of pages of wartime records, the National Archives published a documentary report, Hitler's Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, U.S. Intelligence, and the Cold War, by Richard Breitman and Norman Goda, which included a detailed account of Bandera's and Lebed's wartime Nazi collusion and involvement in mass executions of Jews and Poles.

It is this Bandera-Lebed legacy, and the networks spawned in the postwar period, which are at the center of the current events in Ukraine.
Speaking Out

On Jan. 25, 2014, twenty-nine Ukrainian leaders of political parties, civic and religious organizations, including former presidential candidate and parliamentarian Natalia Vitrenko, sent an open letter to the United Nations Secretary General and leaders of the EU and the United States, decrying the Western support for the neo-Nazi campaign to carry out a bloody coup against a legitimately elected government.

The open letter read, in part: "You should understand that, in supporting the actions of the guerillas in Ukraine ... you yourselves are directly protecting, inciting, and egging on Ukrainian neo-Nazis and neo-fascists.

"None of these oppositionists (Yatsenyuk, Klitschko, and Tyahnybok) hide that they are continuing the ideology and the practices of the OUN-UPA.... Wherever the Euromaidan people go in Ukraine, they disseminate, besides the slogans mentioned above, neo-Nazi, racist symbols.... Also confirming the neo-Nazi nature of the Euromaidan is the constant use of portraits of the bloody executioners of our people, Bandera and Shukhevych-agents of the Abwehr."

The open letter posed the question to Western leaders: "Have the UN, the EU, and the U.S.A. ceased to recognize the Charter and Verdict of the International War Crimes Tribunal at Nuremburg, where the Hitlerite Nazis and their henchmen were convicted? Have human rights ceased to be a value for the countries of the EU and the world community? Is the Ukrainian nationalists' devotion to Hitler and his mass murders of civilians now considered democracy?"

Only in the recent days, with scenes of mass violence by armed protesters finally breaking through the propaganda fog, has the Western media taken up the neo-Nazi character of the ongoing destabilization. Time magazine, on Jan. 28, headlined its coverage from Kiev "Right-Wing Thugs Are Hijacking Ukraine's Liberal Uprising," profiling one group of neo-Nazi hooligans called Spilna Sprava ("Common Cause," but the Ukrainian initials spell "SS"), as being near the center of the protests.

The next day, Jan. 29, the Guardian headlined "In Ukraine, Fascists, Oligarchs and Western Expansion Are at the Heart of the Crisis," with the kicker: "The story we're told about the protests gripping Kiev bears only the sketchiest relationship with reality." Guardian reporter Seumas Milne candidly wrote, "You'd never know from most of the reporting that far-right nationalists and fascists have been at the heart of the protests and attacks on government buildings. One of the three main opposition parties heading the campaign is the hard-right anti-Semitic Svoboda, whose leader Oleh Tyahnybok claims that a 'Moscow-Jewish mafia' controls Ukraine. The party, now running the city of Lviv, led a 15,000-strong torch-lit march earlier this month in memory of the Ukrainian fascist leader Stepan Bandera, whose forces fought with the Nazis in the second world war and took part in massacres of Jews."

Counterpunch also published a Jan. 29 article by Eric Draitser, "Ukraine and the Rebirth of Fascism," which began with the warning: "The violence on the streets of Ukraine is far more than an expression of popular anger against a government. Instead, it is merely the latest example of the rise of the most insidious form of fascism that Europe has seen since the fall of the Third Reich.... In an attempt to pry Ukraine out of the Russian sphere of influence, the U.S.-EU-NATO alliance has, not for the first time, allied itself with fascists."

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